Indraneel Chakraborty, Saketh Chityala, Apoorva Javadekar, and Rodney Ramcharan
This paper studies how interconnected plants distribute additional liquidity from banks through the supply chain. Using a spatially segmented bank branch expansion rule in India, we find that direct exposure to additional bank credit allows plants to hold less precautionary cash and increase bank debt. Directly exposed plants pass through liquidity to customer plants as short-term trade credit. This liquidity spillover improves sales, employment, and productivity at customer plants. Structural estimation yields an average credit multiplier of 1.48. Our results underscore the credit multiplier effects of production networks and the importance of financial integration among firms with limited banking services.