March 21, 2018

Transmission of shocks via international banks

Cross-border linkages of banks can transmit liquidity shocks from one country to another. This has become obvious during the recent financial crisis, where internationally active banks played an important role in the transmission of shocks. A liquidity shock can be transferred from one country abroad to the domestic country due to three possible channels. Firstly, the liquidity shock abroad can be transferred through a reduction of direct cross-border loan supply by foreign banks. Secondly, due to the liquidity shock abroad, local affiliates of a foreign-owned bank can reduce their lending activities in the host country. This can be attributed to the fact that globally active banks are able to reallocate their funds across borders. Thus, they can better compensate liquidity shocks at home by reallocating funds from their foreign affiliates to their head office. Thirdly, a liquidity shock abroad can be transmitted through domestic banks due to a reduction of local lending. This might happen if banks located in the country in which the liquidity shock originates adjust their cross-border activities. As a result cross-border interbank lending might decline such that domestic banks face a funding shock to their balance sheet. This, in turn, might induce a reduction of domestic loan supply.

Published papers

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Working and discussion papers

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Popov, A., and G. Udell (2010). Cross-border banking and the international transmission of financial distress during the crisis of 2007-2008. European Central Bank Working Paper 1203/2010.

Popov, A., and N. van Horen (2013). The impact of sovereign debt exposure on bank lending: Evidence from the European debt crisis. De Nederlandsche Bank Working Paper No. 382.

Singh, M., and Z. Alam. (2018). Leverage – A broader view. IMF Working Paper No. 18/62.

Takáts, E. (2010). Was it credit supply? Cross-border bank lending to emerging market economies during the financial crisis. BIS Quarterly Review June 2010.

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Wickens, M. R. (2020). Forward interest rates as predictors of future US and UK spot rates before and after the 2008 financial crisis. CEPR Discussion Paper No. 14800.

Other articles

Buch, C.M., J. Chapman, and L. Goldberg (2014). Transmission of liquidity risk through global banks: An International Banking Research Network project.

Cai, J., A. Saunders and S. Steffen (2016). Syndication, Interconnectedness, and Systemic Risk. Mimeo. Galindo, A.J., A. Izquierdo, and L. Rojas-Suarez (2013). Financial integration and foreign banks in Latin America: How do they impact the transmission of external financial shocks?, in Bang Nam Jeon , María Pía Olivero (ed.) Global Banking, Financial Markets and Crises (International Finance Review, Volume 14) Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.305 – 339.

Götz, M.R., L. Leaven, and R. Levine (2016). Geographic expansion reduces banks’ risk: New evidence.