BIS Working Paper – Non-bank lending during crises

Iñaki Aldasoro, Sebastian Doerr, and Haonan Zhou

February 2023


This paper shows that non-banks curtail their syndicated credit by significantly more than banks during crises, even after accounting for time-varying lender and borrower characteristics. We provide novel evidence that differences in the value of lending relationships explain most of the gap: unlike for banks, relationships with non-banks – whether measured by duration or intensity – do not improve borrowers’ access to credit during crises. The rise of non-banks could therefore lead to a shift from relationship towards transaction lending and exacerbate the repercussions of financial crises.

Non-bank lending during crises