NBER Working Paper: A Liberalization Spillover: From Equities to Loans

Xin Liu, Shang-Jin Wei, Yifan Zhou

June 2020


The opening of equity markets to foreign investment appears to generate an enormously large positive growth effect (see Bekaert, Harvey, and Lundblad, 2005) in spite of a relatively small role of such markets for financing investment in most economies. We propose a possible spillover channel from equity market opening to lower costs of bank loans, which helps to explain this puzzle. From analyzing loan- and firm-level data associated with China’s introduction of the Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors (QFII) program, we find significant support for this channel. Furthermore, we show that a reduction in the risk premium is an important mechanism.

Link: A Liberalization Spillover: From Equities to Loans