By Iñaki Aldasoro, Egemen Eren, and Wenqian Huang
Non-US banks’ on-balance sheet dollar liabilities rose in 2020 despite the decline in funding from US and offshore money market funds (MMFs). Other non-bank financial institutions were behind this increase, as they drove the strong rise in deposits booked inside and outside the United States. Non-US banks’ issuance of international debt securities in US dollars remained resilient in 2020. Additionally, the currency composition of banks’ total bond issuance tilted towards the dollar after March. Overall, our findings point to changes in funding relationships that could have long-lasting effects on the functioning of dollar funding markets.